This Jerusalem G
old Cross Pendant is a beautiful cross made in Spain. At 1 x .8 inches, it is an ideal size for women and teens.
The Jerusalem Cross
The Jerusalem Cross (also known as “Five-fold Cross”, “cross-and-crosslets”, and “Crusaders’ Cross”) consists of a large “Cross potent” (that is, a cross composed of four “crutches”) and surrounded by four smaller Greek crosses, one in each quadrant. This cross became known as the “Jerusalem” cross because it was was used as the emblem and coat of arms of the Kingdom of Jerusalem (1099-1291) from the 1280’s. The symbolism of the five-fold cross is variously given as the Five Wounds of Christ, Christ and the Four Evangelists, or Christ and the four quarters of the world.
The papal Order of the Holy Sepulchre uses the Jerusalem cross as its emblem, as does the Custodian of the Holy Land, the head of the Franciscan friars who serve at the holy Christian sites in Jerusalem. In the early 20th century, the Jerusalem cross came to be used as a symbol of world evangelization in Protestant Christianity. The Jerusalem cross was awarded as the “Episcopal Church Service Cross” during World War I by the Episcopal Church in the United States. The Jerusalem cross was chosen as the emblem of the Deutscher Evangelischer Kirchentag (German Evangelical Church Congress) in the 1950’s, but since the 1960’s shown in a simplified form with the central Cross potent replaced by a simple Greek cross.